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Tokyo is the capital and largest city of Japan. It was formerly known as Edo until 1868. Its metropolitan area is the most populous in the world. Located at the head of Tokyo Bay, the prefecture forms part of the Kanto region on the central Pacific coast of Japan's main island of Honshu. It is the focus of the vast metropolitan area often called Greater Tokyo, the largest urban and industrial agglomeration in Japan.
Tokyo is Japan’s major cultural centre. Displays depicting the art and history of Japan and Asia are featured at the Tokyo National Museum in Ueno Park. Ueno Park is also the site of a science museum, a zoological garden, and two major art museums. Cuisine in Tokyo is internationally acclaimed.
Tokyo is the political and economic centre of the country, as well as the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the national government. Tokyo is the largest urban economy in the world by gross domestic product, and is categorized as an Alpha+ city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Tokyo is Japan's leading centre of business and finance The city has hosted multiple international events Tokyo is an international centre of research and development and is represented by several major universities, notably the University of Tokyo
Tokyo emerged as a leading international financial centre (IFC) in the 1960s and has been described as one of the three "command centres" for the world economy, along with New York City and London. Research and development in Japan and the Japanese space program are globally represented by several of Tokyo's medical and scientific facilities, which work in collaboration with many international institutions.