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The Netherlands' capital and most populated city is Amsterdam. It is located in the North Holland province. Because of its numerous canals, Amsterdam is known as the "Venice of the North". It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The city of Amsterdam was constructed on the Amstel River, which had been dammed to prevent flooding. The city of Amsterdam takes its name from the Amstel dam. Amsterdam began as a modest fishing village in the late 12th century and grew to become one of the most significant ports in the world during the Dutch Golden Age, as well as a major financial and trading centre.
Many of the world's largest companies have established their headquarters in the city of Amsterdam, such as Uber, Netflix and Tesla. It was ranked as the second best city to live in by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) in 2012 and 12th globally on the quality of living for environment and infrastructure by Mercer. According to the 2019 report the city Amsterdam was ranked 4th place globally in the Savills Tech Cities as top tech hub.